In an argumentative research paper, you need to persuade your readers to take a particular view on the problem through the presentation of facts and statistics. Use these tips to do it properly and earn a high score for your assignment:
Your strong personal interest in this issue is important, but not enough. Make sure that you can find enough material from credible sources to build your argument on. It is better to do your initial research before you make a final choice on the topic and get it approved by your instructor.
A firm opinion you already have on the problem can add some strength to your argument, but it may also become an obstacle. As you go through your research, you may discover facts and aspects you did not know before. For example, you considered solar panels to be an environmentally friendly alternative to fossil fuels, but later on figured out how much toxic emission is involved in manufacturing them. Be ready to revise and change your opinion when it seems reasonable to do so.
You should demonstrate that you are aware of what your opponents think. List their main arguments to shatter them with your own. Recognize the positive sides of your opponents’ approach, but point out its limitations as well.
After you choose the exact focus of your paper, collect as much information on this topic as you can. List all arguments in favor of your stance. Choose the three strongest ones to use as the basis of your outline. Next, choose three of the strongest arguments of your opponents to discuss them in your paper as well.
Focus on the advantages of your approach rather than on the shortcomings of the other one. Criticize the opinions of other people if needed, but never their personalities. Do not make any generalizations about your opponents, e. g. “this position mainly appeals to housewives.”
Present your evidence in an objective manner. Avoid judgmental words such as “good,” “bad,” “wonderful,” and “terrible.” Explain the positive effects of your proposed solution, but leave it to your readers to decide how good it is.
Do not generalize without sufficient data and avoid stereotyping. Check whether the cause-and-effect relationships you have established are true, that these occurrences cannot result from any other reasons rather than those you’ve discussed. Make sure that you do not overlook any options. Perhaps a compromise is possible between the two opposing views.